Scientific scholarship is an ongoing conversation that scientists conduct with one another in the form of original research. Scientific researchers formulate a question in their area of interest, then conduct an extensive literature review to examine how other scientists have examined the same question from different perspectives. Based on what the scientist learns through this review process, s/he designs a study to add to the conversation, or reveal something new about the topic by way of the scientific method.
Peer reviewed materials are publications reviewed by "experts in the field" or referees prior to the publication of the material. After reading and evaluating the material, the referee informs the publisher if the document should be published or if any changes should be made prior to publication. Peer reviewed materials are also referred to as Refereed. Peer reviewed materials are significant to the research and the literature of most academic fields because they assure readers that the information conveyed is reliable and timely.
Non-refereed materials such as trade journals or magazines use less rigorous standards of screening prior to publication. In some publications, each article may be only screened by the publication's editor. While knowledgeable, no editor can be an authority on all the subject matter printed in a journal.
The term "scholarly materials" is often used to describe refereed materials, but this term is not exclusive to refereed material. Non-refereed materials may not by scrutinized as intensely as refereed materials, but they can still be considered scholarly. Also, trade journals and magazines can be valuable sources of information in their own right, depending on what you are looking for.
Adapted from https://guides.library.nymc.edu/peer-review
Consider the following points when reading a scholarly article:
Adapted from https://libguides.csuchico.edu/c.php?g=462359&p=3163509
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