Direct quotes: when you copy/paste the exact words from a source. Put quotation marks around the quote to show it is direct.
Indirect quotes: when you summarize or paraphrase a source in your own words. Even though you’re using your own words, you must cite the source to give credit to the original idea.
This is an example of paraphrase of the direct quote above:
Parentheses: Put the author(s) and page number of the quote together in parentheses at the end of the quote:
Signal phrase: Write the author(s) in the text of the sentence (using a "signal phrase") and put the page number in parentheses at the end of the quote: