Include a DOI for all journal articles that have a DOI, regardless of whether you used the online version or the print version. [APA 9.34]
Aguilar, C. M., Morocco, C. C., Parker, C. E., & Zigmond, N. (2006). Middletown High School: Equal opportunity for academic achievement. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 21(3), 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5826.2006.00215
Bollingmo, G. C., Wessel, E. O., Eilertsen, D. E., & Magnussen, S. (2008). Credibility of the emotional witness: A study of ratings by police investigators. Psychology, Crime & Law, 14(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/10683160701368412
Constanigro, M., McCluskey, J. J., & Mittelhammer, R.C. (2007). Segmenting the wine market based on price: Hedonic regression when different prices mean different products. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58(3), 454-466. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-9552.2007.00118
If you used a database with proprietary or limited-circulation content, meaning readers need to go to that database in particular to find the work, then provide a link to the content directly if possible. [APA 7 Blog] If the URL requires a login or is session specific, meaning it will not resolve for readers, provide the URL of the database or archive home page or login page instead of the URL for the work. [APA 9.34]
Van Der Merwe, D. (2019). Exploring the relationship between ICT use, mental health symptoms and well-being of the historically disadvantaged open distance learning student: A case study. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Learning, 20(1), 35-52. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1201958
A special note about authors: If the article you are citing includes 20 or more authors, include the first nineteen authors, insert an ellipses (...), and then include the last author listed.
Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juárez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, V., Ibáñez, L. M., Mäkinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovács, A. (2019). Indie pop rocks mathematics: Twenty One Pilots, Nicolas Bourbaki, and the empty set. Journal of Improbable Mathematics, 27(1), 1935–1968. https://doi.org/10.0000/3mp7y-537
Farelly, E. (2008, March/April). Fear of not having had. Orion. http://www.orionmagazine.org
Markman, A. (2008, November 19). Does reading fiction really improve your social ability? Psychology Today. Sussex Publishers. https://www.psychologytoday.com/ca/blog/ulterior-motives/201811/does-reading-fiction-really-improve-your-social-ability
If you have more than one article by the same creator and from the same year (or all with no known year, n.d.), you'll add letters after the year to distinguish the sources.
Koriat, A. (2008a). Easy comes, easy goes? The link between learning and remembering and its exploitation in metacognition. Memory & Cognition, 36, 416–428. https://doi.org/10.3758/MC.36.2.416
Koriat, A. (2008b). Subjective confidence in one’s answers: The consensuality principle. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 945–959. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-73188.8.131.525
In the text, citations would be styled as follows: (Koriat, 2008a) and (Koriat, 2008b).
Works with no date will look like (n.d.-a), (n.d.-b), and so on (note the hyphen).
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