A Constitutional Amendment refers to changes made to an existing constitution. In U.S., the term constitutional amendment means any modification, deletion, or additions made to the constitution. The process of making an amendment to the constitution in the U.S. is very rigid, and the process requires special methodologies to be followed. In the U.S., Congress is empowered to amend the U.S. Constitution. Any amendment to the constitution can be presented in the form of a bill and must be passed by a two-thirds vote of both the houses namely, the House of Representatives and the Senate, and ratified by three-quarters of the states.
The 19th amendment is a Constitutional Amendment that guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Source: OurDocuments.gov.
When we shall have our amendment [for woman suffrage] . . . everybody will think it was always so . . . They have no idea of how every single inch of ground that she stands upon today has been gained by the hard work of some little handful of women of the past. —Susan B. Anthony, speech at the National-American Convention, 1894
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